Molecular Physics

The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics – Molecular Theory Resources


A BlackLight Power subsidiary, Millsian, Inc, has developed a molecular modeling tool based on The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics. Download a free trial of Millsian software.

View the Molecular Physics Slideshow (PDF)

View the book: Volume 2: Molecular Physics.

View accompanying spreadsheets:

Alkali F and Cl
Alkali Hydrides
Alkali Metals
Alkyl Aluminum
Amino Acids
Boron Functional Groups
Carbon Allotropes
Condensed Matter Physics
Di and Poly Atomic Molecules
DNA Functional Groups
Ge, Pb, As, Sb, Bi Functional Groups
H2+ and H2 Excited States
Silicon Functional Groups
Transition Metal Coordinate Compounds and Organometallics

Molecules and Functional Groups Archive (ZIP, 9.2MB)
Complete collection of Excel files (1,600+ files) used to solve molecules and functional groups using the GUT-CP.

Bond Angles Archive (ZIP, 2MB)
Complete collection of Excel files (900+ files) used to solve bond angles (to first approximation) using the GUT-CP.

Bond Moments Archive (ZIP, 265KB)
Collection of Excel files used to solve bond moments of major set of functional groups.

View Summary Tables:

Molecular Summary Tables (PDF)
Molecules Solved by Millsian Compared to Experimental Values.

Partial List of Organic Functional Groups Solved by Classical Physics (PDF)
Partial List of Additional Molecules and Compositions of Matter Solved by Classical Physics (PDF)

View Related Papers:

Total Bond Energies of Exact Classical Solutions of Molecules Generated by Millsian 1.0 Compared to Those Computed Using Modern 3-21G and 6-31G* Basis Sets – R.L. Mills, B. Holverstott, W. Good, N. Hogle, A. Makwana – 07/23/09

Millsian 2.0: A Molecular Modeling Software for Structures, Charge Distributions and Energetics of Biomolecules, W. Xie, R.L. Mills, W. Good, A. Makwana, B. Holverstott, N. Hogle, Physics Essays, 24 (2011) pp. 200-212.

The Nature of the Chemical Bond Revisited and an Alternative Maxwellian Approach – R.L. Mills, Physics Essays, Vol. 17, No. 3, September (2004), pp. 342-389.

View accompanying spreadsheets.

View Related Visualizations:

View the Examples of Molecules page on the Millsian Website.

Functional Groups of Chemistry Poster
Functional Groups of Chemistry
Image | PDF

H Distribution Renderer

This program allows the user to numerically calculate and render the charge distribution profile and angular momentum projections of the hydrogen atom, both unnormalized and normalized.

H2 MO Distribution Renderer

This program allows the user to numerically calculate and render the ellipsoidal charge distribution profile of the hydrogen molecular orbital that uses a prolate ellipsoidal transform of the H atom current that conserves angular moment.  This program may not run properly on all systems.


below: In molecules, a prolate spheroidal electron orbitsphere surrounds two nuclei, which are at the foci. The charge density increases nearer the foci, decreasing the total energy of the system.

Hydrogen Molecule
(See Fig. 11.5)
view animation or
interactive java figure

Hydrogen Molecular Ion
View spin animation
or vibration animation

Hydrogen Molecule
View spin animation
or vibration animation

H3 Molecular Ion


Simulation of Water Vapor






Carbon Dioxide

Nitrogen Dioxide


Reaction Sequences

Cl- CH3Cl Bound Complex and Transition State
left: Dynamic visualization of chloromethane (CH3Cl) receiving a chloride ion to become the Cl-CH3Cl bound complex, then the Cl.CH3.Cl transition state, then back to the bound complex, and once again to chloromethane, releasing a chloride ion.

Extended Solids

below: In metals, the electron planes behave as mirror-image negative point charges to the positive ions such that the metallic crystal lattice bonding is Coulombic in the same way as that of an ionic compound. In a semiconductor, the electron planes carry the conducting current through the lattice. In a superconductor, the electron planes are uninhibited through the lattice.

Lithium Metal Lattice
(2 x 2 x 2 unit cell)

Lithium Metal Lattice
(3 x 3 x 3 unit cell)

Potassium Hydride (KH)

Silicon Semiconductor

Idealized Superconductor